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Article Review on Prevention of Patient falls

Article Review on Prevention of Patient falls


Article Review on Prevention of Patient Falls


Article Review: Preventing Falls in Long-Term Care Facilities


Many healthcare professions regard research as a critical contributor to professional health development. The analysis allows practitioners to be more speculative on the areas they want to specialize in and the methods to use. Researchers are also able to update, observe, and adjust practices and issues encountered during practical sessions. According to (Squires & Dorsen, 2018, p.15-26), qualitative research is important for studies dealing with nursing and the health care profession’s regulatory issues.

To critically appraise the qualitative Study on ‘Preventing falls in long-term care facilities’: current literature is utilized in guiding the discussion. The paper also uses a critical appraisal tool and guideline for evidence-based practice framework (Buccheri & Sharifi, 2017). The framework helps understand the flow of this paper and concludes by articulating the qualitative strength of this Study.

The aim of the Study has been stated and articulated out concisely. This enables readers to understand the main objectives and also keeps the main focus of the research paper. The author has discussed her reason for focusing on the increased number of falls in the aging population, highlighting that it leads to health care costs and a decline in quality of life. A previous research study and report is used to indicate the intensity of the problem. (Squires & Dorsen, 2018, p.15-26) state that using material from other studies in one’s background enforces the relevance of research.

The researcher further discusses hourly rounding as a clinical practice that can be used as fall risk prevention, pointing out its effectiveness in improving patient safety and contributing to patient satisfaction. Other strategies that can prevent falls are discussed, such as physical and occupational therapy and multifaceted and interdisciplinary approaches.

Type of Qualitative Research Design Used

The qualitative research design used in this paper is a case study. It allows an in-depth understanding of the subject case as a unit (Squires & Dorsen, 2018, p.15-26). It can be argued that the author chose to use a case study to promote authenticity, quality, and visibility of methods used. The paper has grounded its findings on peer-reviewed articles on patient-fall.

Validity and Credibility of Results

The use of a case study as a design is considered to be both an auditable and valid means of conducting a qualitative research paper (Buccheri & Sharifi, 2017). The results are based on analytical strategies and are presented in topic forms from different literary works. The use of findings from these materials is approved in presenting qualitative data. The themes all addressed the use of hourly rounding in preventing patient falls. This allows the reader to trace the author’s objective and therefore shows the credibility of the research process.

How were the Participants Chosen?

The inclusion of participants has been thoroughly done and recorded. It has different title responsibilities and their total number. The researcher seemed to have used vital criteria for recruiting participants.

Data Accuracy and Completion

The data collected collaborates with different questions collected from interviews that are timely fit to improve the findings. It also uses descriptive statistics in comparing the fall rates and summarizes it in a time frame. It ends by examining how concepts are related.


How Plausible are the Results?

The findings from the research are evidence-based. There is documentation of the same. It shows that the researcher is not prejudiced in supporting her results and allows additional barriers.

Are Research Implications Stated?

Yes, they are the research aimed at educating nurses and staff on measures of preventing patient falls. According to the author, there was a decline of 22.7% cases among residents in six weeks.

How these new insights increase sensitivity to other’s needs?

The author’s new insight into preventing patient falls may cause other health care settings to adopt hourly rounding because it yields positive results.

What is the effect on the reader?

The research causes readers to want to critique the paper. On the positive side, it helps in understanding the context of their practice.

May these understandings enhance Situational Competence?

Yes, understanding how patient falls can be prevented among the elderly can enhance situational competence by informing the primary caregivers on what should be done at any given time.

What is the effect on the reader?

The reader gets to see the workforce that caregivers put in towards preventing falls and gets to appreciate their efforts.

Are the Results Plausible and Believable?

Yes, the results are plausible and believable because all the participants, who have experience in this field collaborated and agreed regarding strategies through which patient falls can be prevented.

Is the Reader Imaginatively Drawn to Experience?

The arrangement of the paper seemed to be easily understood because it appeared out relatively simple.

What are the results of the Study?

This research sums up positive and negative concepts of communication, teamwork, information access, and patient reports. This summarized hourly rounding as the solution to preventing falls.

Does the Research Approach Fit the Purpose of the Study?

The purpose of this paper was to educate caregivers on the process of performing hourly rounding and decrease the rate of falls from the current statistical rates. The research strategy adopted works effectively. It is because the engagement of staff members makes it possible to obtain comprehensive and reliable insights. It also answers the questionnaire.

How Does the Researcher Identify the Study Approach?

The researcher identified the study approach because one of the most reliable means of obtaining information to be used in a study is involving professionals with a scope in the field of practice.

Are the Data Collection and Analysis Technique Appropriate?

Yes, the data was collected through a focused group of DNPs with experience, making it reliable. The information was coded into a 2-person consensus approach: meaning the technique interpreted the study results possible making it appropriate for the paper.


Is the Significance of the Study Explicit?

Yes, the importance of the research is clearly stated and articulated. The author stresses the importance of accessing and implementing measures to fall rates. It is an integral part that shows the contribution the research has in furthering academic knowledge in nursing.

Does the Literature Support need for the Study?

Yes, it does. It has described how the paper is related to previous research statistics and the relevance of the paper’s problem statement.

What is the Studies Potential Contribution?

The Study managed to make hourly rounding implemented as a framework and model of preventing patient falls. It is integral as it indicates development in the field.

Is the Sampling Clear and Guided by the Study Needs?

Yes, the sampling has clarity and addresses the study needs. The sample is in direct relation to the problem statement.

Do Sample Size and Composition Reflect the Study Needs?

Yes. The sample size and composition of participants were ideal for the research findings and results.

Is the Phenomenon identified?

Yes, the Phenomenon that is increased rates of patient falls has been described.

Are Data Collection Procedures Clear?

Data procedures and findings are clear and demonstrated in table figures.



Are Means and Sources of Verifying Data Clear?

No, the researcher has not verified the efficiency of sources used in collecting data.

Are Researcher Roles and Activities Explained

Yes, they are. The researcher’s roles as a scholar, educator, practitioner, and project manager are all stated.

Are Data Management Processes Described

No, the data management process is not described; the paper only mentions but does not explain how it was done.

What are the Reported Results?

The research paper reports that the implementation of hourly rounding in organizations has reduced the rate of patient falls.

Will the Results Help Me Care for my Patients?

Yes, the results from this research paper will help in employing and educating my fellow nurses on the use of hourly rounding in preventing patient falls.

Are the Results Relevant to Patient Values and Circumstances?

Yes, they are. Part of nursing patient values is promoting patient health and advocating for their rights.

How be the Results May Applied to Clinical Practice?

            The results can be applied to clinical practice by doctors implementing hourly grounding in their healthcare practices. This paper has shown and proven that it works.



This research paper shows excellent structure and presentation. Using a qualitative strategy in its methodology has enabled other researchers to gain views from literature reviews. The results and findings promote the implementation of hourly rounding as a model in preventing patient falls.



Buccheri, R. K., & Sharifi, C. (2017). Critical appraisal tools and reporting guidelines for evidence-based practice. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing14(6), 463-472.

Squires, A., & Dorsen, C. (2018). Qualitative research in nursing and health professions regulation. Journal of Nursing Regulation9(3), 15-26.



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Conduct a literature search to select a qualitative research study on the topic identified in Module 1. Conduct an initial critical appraisal of the study.

Respond to the overview questions for the critical appraisal of qualitative studies, including:

What type of qualitative research design was utilized to conduct the study?

Are the results valid/trustworthy and credible?

How were the participants chosen?

How were accuracy and completeness of data assured?

How plausible/believable are the results?

Are implications of the research stated?

May new insights increase sensitivity to others’ needs?

May understandings enhance situational competence?

What is the effect on the reader?

Are the results plausible and believable?

Is the reader imaginatively drawn to the experience?

What are the results of the study?

Does the research approach fit the purpose of the study?

How does the researcher identify the study approach?

Are the data collection and analysis techniques appropriate?

Is the significance/importance of the study explicit?

Does the literature support a need for the study?

What is the study’s potential contribution?

Is the sampling clear and guided by study needs?

Does the researcher control selection of the sample?

Do sample size and composition reflect the study needs?

Is the phenomenon (human experience) clearly identified?

Are data collection procedures clear?

Are sources and means of verifying data explicit?

Are researcher roles and activities explained?

Are data analysis procedures described?

Does analysis guide directions of sampling when it ends?

Are data management processes described?

What are the reported results (descriptive or interpretation)?

How are specific findings presented?

Are the data meanings derived from data described in context?

Does the writing effectively promote understanding?

Will the results help me care for my patients?

Are the results relevant to persons in similar situations?

Are the results relevant to patient values and/or circumstances?

How may the results be applied to clinical practice?

Please be sure to answer the questions thoroughly using complete sentences and APA format. Explain responses to yes/no questions in detail by presenting information found in the study to support your response.

Provide a reference for the article according to APA format and a copy of the article.

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